Thailand is one of the biggest coal consumers in the world. Even though there has been protests from the residents and activits for more than two years, Thailand will keep on with the planning to build coal-fired power plant. Even though there is opposition regarding to coal uses in Thailand, it’s hard just to remove coal from the list of efficient energy source because it really helps developing country like Thailand. Building coal-fired power plant means a lot for people. It can deliver electricity and performs industry well.
Thailand is going to build coal-fired power plant in a southern tourist province involving 800 megawatt. It’s included into Thailand’s Power Development Plan for 2015 to 2036. Therefore, Thailand will still continue using coal as the main ebergy source for the construction of power plants. The project itself had been on paused for about two years because there was opposition. However, Thailand has been firmed to continue the project since they think that it’s beneficial. It’s also safe and valuable to build coal-fired power plant.
It is predicted that the power plant will start generating power in 2021 if the construction begin in 2018. The main purpose for building coal-fired power plant is to provide electricity. As everyone knows that electricity is one of the main important role for living whether you are living in modern city or rural areas. Electricity is essential because you can anything with it. You can get a job and money. Both for daily living to industrial activities, electricity is crucial element.
So why coal is still preferred by many countries despite of many protests ?
a.The availability of coal is more stable than other energy resources like oil or natural gas. People also realize that the world’s oil reserve is decreasing. We will reach to the point where there is no oil anymore that can be use as energy source. Meanwhile, coal still has enough reserve for years to come which can cover the needs of energy source worldwide.
b.The next reason is the price. Coal has lower price than other energy resources. Thus, it helps developing countries to grow without having much difficulty with budget. Coal is affordable for many countries in the world, especially Asia and Afrika. Economy has become the main issue on why many countries still depend on coals despite of the protests.
c.It’s not hard to get coal since it’s widely spread throughout the world. There are many places filled with coals. Even though a country doesn’t have coal mining site, they can easily import it from other countries. Besides, there won’t be any sudden scarcity to coals.
d.Coal mining industry employ many people around the world since the process of mining the coal are divided into several stages. It opens the opportunity for people to develop their life. From the process of coal mining to distributing, it involves many employee which depend their lives on coal mining industry. Thus, it’s hard to resist coals as the most effective energy source.
Furthermore, Thailand will continue building coal-fired power plant to solve electricity demand. Thus, Thailand needs to import coals from its neighbor like Indonesia. Indonesia has large coal reserves which can easily export their coal to another country. Coal Investors is one of coal mining companies from Indonesia, located in South Kalimantan.
Coal Investors own their own coal mines in South Kalimantan. Thus, coals are mined and distributed from the site. If you are interested to buy coals from Coal Investors, you can contact the company or visit it directly to see coal mining process. Coal Investors is coal mining company available for long-term contract as what client wants.
http://charlotteskitchendiary.com/2015/03/02/irish-soda-bread/ Philippines currently has issued about renewable energy plants and the use of coal-fired plants. Coal is still the major energy source for Asian countries. Its affordable price and stable availability makes coal continue to be needed by many developing countries regardless the environmental issues. It’s possible that someday there will be renewable energies which can replace the role of coal. However, it’s not today. It’s still hard for renewable enegies to compete with cheap coal.
Philippines indeed has develop renewable energy resources by installing 1,000 MW as of April 2016. However, it’s not the end of the story. New coal and natural gas plants built have much higher capacities indeed. They have reduced renewable energy’s share in the power mix. It proves how hard it is to develop renewable energy sources. Meanwhile, Philippines currently has 17 operating coal plants. Indeed, 29 plants are in the pipeline.
The number of coal plants are higher than natural gas. It proves that Philippines still needs coal as the primary energy source to fulfill their needs. The reasons why Philippines will continue using coal as the main energy source are simple.
• Philippines has one of the highest electricity rates in the world. Increasing power rates will lead to strong resistance from end-users as well as politicians and society organization. Using more expensive energy sources will increase the rates which can lead to chaos.
• Coal is a secire investment providing continuity in revenuing streams. Coal projects are less risky than renewable energy projects. The renewable energy resources fluctuate widely every year, that’s what make it too risky.
• Philippine’s financing institutions are more familiar with coal plant development. Thus, it will make them easier in managing the construction and operations. Meanwhile, Philippines still lacks of experience in developing renewable energy sources. It will make them rely on foreign contractors. In the end, it will cause excessive spending. The project of renewable energy costs a lot higher compare to other countries whose technologies have already in advanced level.
The issue about environmental damage caused by coal is heated. However, finding out the right solution to replace coal is also still in the process. Thus, most developing countries still need coal as their main energy sources. Philippines also has shown initiative and effort in developing renewable energy project. However, it’s not easy to maintain and do further development due to lack of technologies and high cost. Philippines rely on imported coals from its neighbor like Indonesia.
Being a great partner in coal supplying with Indonesia is advantageous. Both are located near to each other, making it more efficient in the process of delivering coal supply. It also won’t increase the expense of transportation. In addition, Indonesia also has many coal mining companies. Indonesia has many coal mining sites owned by government and independent companies. If you are interested to buy coal from Indonesia, you need to find reliable coal mining company first.
Coal Investors is one of the most trusted and reliablr coal mining company from Indonesia. It’s located in South Kalimantan. The coal mining site is owned by Coal Investors that you can even visit the site if you want to survey the location and the process of coal mining. Coal Investors is a great option if you want a reliable supplier. You can go for short or long-term contract. The price of coal mined by Coal Investors is competitive. However, you don’t need to doubt its quality coal. Coal Investors always opens hand for your visit anytime. However, make sure you make an appointment before visiting. Contact Coal Investors now to get more detailed information about coal suppying procedures.
Coal has been a source of economic value in the world. Coal mining industry contributed to the development of economy worldwide. In addition, coal also plays major role as a source of employment. It was the third largest employer of the total mining workforce. Indeed, it keeps rising. The most important of all is the role of coal as the source of energy. Coal is the world’s dominant energy source. Electricity is being produced by the help of coal as it’s fuel.
To produce electricity, mined coal is delivered to coal-fired power plants. Then, the electricity is generated. The coal play important role in producing electricity. In the process, coal is combusted to boil water and then produce steam to operate a conventional steam turbine as well as generator. As the result, there is electricity that can be used for everyone who needs it. Cambodia is a country with growing power generation. The country even still imports electricity. The issue about future of energy generation in Cambodia is still in discuss.
A country like Cambodia is in an immediate need to produce electricity. However, infrastructure also requires expensive spending. Thus, Cambodia needs to balance between producing electricity at los cost to be able maintain and developing infrastructure. Coal is energy sources which can be a great solution. Electricity access is still hard to be delivered to everyone in Cambodia. The access is still limited so the process of developing electricity generation is in demand.
It seems that Cambodia will still need to import coal for its neghbor like Indonesia to fulfill their needs of energy source. That’s the way to solve problem in Cambodia. Coal is very important for Cambodia and it will continue to be important. However, Cambodia also needs to find the right coal technologies in order coal can be more efficiently consumed without harming the environment so it won’t lead to another problem.
It’s important to ensure that electricity transmission in Cambodia is efficient. For Cambodia, having stable grid which can handle intermittencies should comes before trying to have big renewable component. Energy flow should be balanced and maintained in a proper way so the needs of electricity in Cambodia can be fulfilled. Therefore, all people in Cambodia will be able to use electricity for their daily needs.
The future of power generation in Cambodia is predicted to stay at coal as the main source. It’s followed by a note on proper environmental management. Cambodia needs of coal is expected to benefits coal-fired power plants to produce electricity thoroughly to every region. The vision that Cambodia has is to deliver affordable electricity. Therefore, electricity distribution can be more even.
Cambodia currently has two coal-fired power plants. They are located in Preah Sihanouk province. Both has different owner. The one partially owned by Lao Meng Khin’s, Cambodian People’s Party Senator. Another is owned by Malaysian-owned Leader Universal Holdings. Coal will continue to be the main power asset in Cambodia. The reason is simple, coal is cheap. In addition, Cambodia will also have further coal projects in the future. Cambodia has a plan to build another power plant as part of energy production to provide electricity.
Cambodia’s main coal exporter is Indonesia, its neighbor. Indonesia is one of the largest coal producing in the world. Cambodia is also one of destination for Indonesia to export coal. There are many coal mining companies in Indonesia, and one of the most reliable one is Coal Investors. It’s coal mining company located in South Kalimantan and have their own coal mining sites. You can visit directly to the site to survey coal mining process and making a deal.
Domestic coal production in Japan has come to an end since 2002. Since then, Japan relies on imports. It was estimated that up till 2012, Japan have importes about 186 million tonnes of coals. 133 millions tonnes are thermal coal and 43 millions tonnes are metallurgical coal. Japan imports coal mostly from Australia. The Government of Australia stated that Japan currently has slight decrease in thermal coal consumption to 2018 but there is also sligh increase in metallurgical coal consumption.
Japan has about 243 GW of installed electrical generating capacity coming mostly fired by coal then oil or gas. As of mid-2012, there are 61 thermal power plants in Japan. In addition, Japan still build other 6 power plants which 3 of them are using coal for generation. In 2010, coal accounts for 25% of electricity generation in Japan. Here are some partly and wholly coal-fired power stations owned by Japan :
a.Tomato-Atsuma Power Station
b.Haramachi Power Station
c.Noshiro Power Station
d.Hirono Thermal Power Station
e.Hitachinaka Thermal Power Station
f.Hekinan Power Station, etc
When there was an earthquake in Japan, it damaged some of coal-fired power plants. However, it didn’t lead to an increase in coal consumption. For Japan, coal-fired generation has always been a base load. Japan will seem to continue expanding coal-fired power plants to meet energy demand especially for electricity. However, Japan also has intention to reduce fuel costs by building new plants that will be designed for lower grade coals. Japan as a country with excellent technologies is encourage to develop clean coal tehnologies.
Japan shows great support for fossil fuel use, saying that it helps developing countries adopt the best available technologies for coal-fired power plants. Japan is considered as the biggest providers of coal financing. Japan says that it’s beneficial to develop more efficient coal-fired plants as it will cut carbon dioxide emissions. For developing countries, it will be beneficial and helpful to improve energy security by relying on cheal fuels like coal.
Japan said that it’s not realistic to quit coal entirely as growing power in high demand. In fact, India and Indonesia already planned to add more coal capacity to meet the needs of efficient energy source in many countries all over the world. Japan with their project to create more efficient coal-fired power plants is expected to help many developing countries in their struggles with power issues.
Technologies found by Japan is expected to push for energy-related insfrastructure. Therefore, thermal power plants will have high-efficiency and it can help removing air pollutant or at least reducing it. Cheap electricity is the main goal on Japanese project of more-efficient coal-fired power plants. In emerging economies, power is in a high demand. It’s not only in Asia but Africa as well.
Japan will continue importing coals from other countries to meet their needs in building power plants. Even though Australia is the biggest supplier of coal for Japan, seeing the increasing needs of coals makes it possible for Japan to import coal for another country like Indonesia. Indonesia is one of the largest coal producers in the world. Thus, importing coals from Indonesia can be beneficial for both countries.
In Indonesia, there is Coal Investors, a coal mining company located in South Kalimantan. It is reliable coal supplier which always open hands for partnership in coal supplying. Having their own coal mines, Coal Investors is ready to sign for long-term contract. If you are interested to import coals from Coal Investors, just contact or visit the company directly. You’ll be welcomed to visit the coal mine sites to survey the location of coal mining process.
Malaysia has coal mining sector operating in several sites. Most of them are used or consumed by power generating plants and the remaining supply goes to cement, iron, and steel sectors. Malaysia tries to push the development of some region. However, the development requires electricity. Energy demand in Malaysia is rising. It is even set to use 40 million tonnes of coal a year by 2020. Malaysia in in their momentum of economy. Thus, it pushes up energy demand which keeps on rising year by year.
It is known that about 45% of Nalaysian peninsula’s energy supply comes from coal. Indeed, it’s going to increase in the following years. Malaysia also uses natural gas as their energy resources. However, it keeps depleting and Malaysia needs steady supply of energy source. Malaysia alsa has a plan to develop a modern power system with smart and sustainable concept. However, that type of transformation cannot be done in an instant. It needs long process and requires much money. Malaysia is now focusing on delivering only the most high-efficiency power plants.
Until now, http://charlotteskitchendiary.com/tag/preserved-lemon-recipe/ Malaysian power plant imports tons of coals from Indonesia. Even though Malaysia has their own coal mining sites, they are not as large as Indonesia’s. Thus, it can’t fulfill high demand of coal for their power plants. As of 2017, Malaysia imports 10 million tons of coal from Indonesia. Malaysia has steam power plant with installed capacity of 3.100 MW. It needs 10 million tons of coal supply per year. It must be hard for Malaysia alone to fulfill the needs. Thus, importing coal from Indonesia is the best solution. Besides, Indonesia is their neighbor so the partnership is benefiting each other.
To install 3.100 MW capacity, it needs four units of power generators. Thus, coal is in high demand. Coal imported from Indonesia usually delivered by ships. The coals then being stored in Manjung coal terminal. Malaysia has signed contract with several distributors from Indonesia. Coal purchase contract signed by Malaysia lasts from three to five years in general.
There are reasons why coal is preferred as the main energy resources all over the world, such as :
a.The availability of coal is more stable than other energy resources like oil or natural gas. People also realize that the world’s oil reserve is decreasing. In addition, renewable energy is still in the process of development and not all countries in the world can do it since it requires high budget.
b.Coal has lower price than other energy resources. Thus, it helps developing countries to proceed development in many sectors without having much difficulty with budget. Coal is affordable for many countries in the world, especially Asia and Afrika. Economy is critical for many all countries. That’s why many countries still depend on coals.
c.It’s not hard to get coal since it’s widely spread throughout the world. There are many places filled with coals especially in U.S and Asia. Thus, there won’t be any sudden scarcity to coals.
Furthermore, Malaysia will continue building coal-fired power plant to fulfill electricity demand. Thus, Malaysia needs to import coals from its neighbor like Indonesia. Indonesia has large coal reserves which can easily export their coal to another country. Coal Investors is one of coal mining companies from Indonesia, located in South Kalimantan.
Coal Investors own their own coal mines in South Kalimantan. Thus, coals are mined and distributed from the site. If you are interested to buy coals from Coal Investors, you can contact the company or visit it directly to see coal mining process. Coal Investors is coal mining company available for long-term contract as what client wants.
Generic For Ambien Coal is a plentiful resource used to produce energy. It has been used all over the world both in a form of electricity and heat. Even though some people think that coal is all the same, however it is a complex resource. It has varied composition even within the same deposit. Thus, each different coal is used for different purpose. Generally, coal is a useful energy resource which can help to our living. There are other types of energy resources other than coal but it’s one of the most sought amongst them. It is the cheapest source of energy and it also provides standle source of energy. Thus, even though there are some arguments about its impact to the environment, it’s still hard to replace coal with other energy sources.
There are many countries in the world depending on coal as their primary energy resource. Vietname is one those countries who rely on coal for their energy source especially for electricity. There are reason why coal is needed the most such as:
a.As told above that coal is way cheaper than other energy resources. Thus, for developing country like Vietnam, coal can be a solution for economical issue. A country cannot just give up on using energy resources just because they are not affordable. Thus, they need to find affordable energy source like coal. Vietnam have been using coals for years as their main energy source. It proves that coal is needed the most by developing country due to its low-price.
b.Coal provides more stable energy compare to others. There won’t be any sudden scarcity like natural gas. It doesn’t mean that coal will never be running out of stocks. However, it’s stability is ensured for a long period time ahead so there is no need to worry. Vietnam as a developing country need continuity in coal supply for their needs like building infrastructure, industrial, and other sectors.
Coal is irresistably needed by many developing countries. Even though there are calls to decrease the use of coal worldwide, the deman of coal is still high. To replace such important energy resource like coal means that the substitution should be there already. Thus, if the substitution can’t even be there yet, how come coal use can be decreased. Coal is considered as a source of economic value in many countries, included Vietnam.
Vietnam has electricity generated from coal-fired therman power plant by the accounts of 50%. The total power of this country mainly depends on coal. The use of renewable sources is still at the very low level. Thus, Vietnam still need coals as the primary energy sources. However, Vietnam cannot fulfill their needs of coals thoroughly due to lack of coal reserves. They need to import coal from other countries like Indonesia for coal supply.
Vietnam uses coal-fired themal power plant because it’s still the major role in generating electricity in this country. Like it or not, Vietnam needs to be dependant on coals. Thermal power plants needs to import coal to meet demand. Joining partnership for coal importing with Indonesian coal mining company can be advantageous though. Vietnam and Indonesia are located closely to each other. The budget for transportation or delivery process won’t be too high.
Furthermore, one of the most trusted and reliable coal mining company from Indonesia is Coal Investors who are available for coal supply partnership. Coal Investors are always ready for long-term contract in supplying coal to another country. Coal Investors own their coal mining site in South Kalimantan. Thus, buyers can make a direct call or visit the site to do a survey before making a deal.
India is one of destination point for coal export by Indonesia. The needs of coals in India is still increasing as the country still building infrastructure generally in many regions. Coal is the most reliable energy source for India. Meanwhile, India itself cannot fulfill coal demand thoroughly since their coal reserve isn’t enough.
The comodity of coal in India is high indeed. India’s coal production was about 605 million tons. India is in the list of top three for coal production, meanwhile Indonesia is at the fourth place. However, India still relies on imported coals and Indonesia is one of the most valuable partner for coal export-import. Indonesia as one of the largest coal exporters can fulfill coal needs in India for sure. India itself consumed 8% of the total world’s coal. Thus, it automatically makes India as the third largest consumer as well. India imported 160 millions of coals which are used mostly for electricity generator.
Asian countries like India, Pakistan, Philipine still rely on Indonesia for coal supply. Indeed, Pakistan and Philipine have stated that they are ready to add imported coals portion for the years 2017 and the following years. Indonesia has enough coal reserves to be exported to other countries even for long-term supply.
What India needs the most is steam coal. Even though India is in the top list for coal production, in fact they still rely on Indonesia’s supply. It’s shown by the raising of coal demand every year. In 2014, Indonesia exported 34,78 tons of steam coals to India to fulfill their needs. Coal is indeed one of the most reliable energy sources in the world. It has many benefits such as affordable price and also its availability.
If you need the most reliable coal mining companies from Indonesia, there is Coal Investors. It’s coal mining company which has good reputation in coal supply to many countries. To fulfill your needs of coal supply, Coal Investors is trusted and reliable, since it works professionally in coal export. There are many reasons why you should choose Coal Investors :
a.Coal Investors can supply coals in stable mode for regular routine. It’s because Coal Investor has their own coal mines located in South Kalimantan, Indonesia. Coal reserve owned by Coal Investors will be able to fulfill every client’s needs. In addition, mining process is directly done in the location and the coals will be exported directly from the site. Thus, you will be supplied with quality coal fresh from mines.
b.Coal Investors offers affordable and competitive prices for coal supply. The price of coals worldwide is up and down. However, Coal Investors ensures you that the price will be very competitive.
c.Coal Investors is open for both short-term or long-term contract in supplying coals. The process of coal supplying will be done based on contract agreed by both parties. As told above that client’s needs is priority. Hence contract will be clearly made and transparent to make both parties gain benefits from the valuable partnership.
There are many coal mining companies in the world. However, Indonesia is one of the most active coal-supplier in the world. Besides, Indonesia has Coal Investors as one of the most reliable mining companies. If you are looking for reliable coal supplier, you can directly contact Coal Investors to get more detailed information about coal supplying process. You can also directly visit coal mining site of Coal Investors in South Kalimantan, Indonesia. Thus, you can take a look at coal mining process. You can decide yourself whether coals from Coal Investors are qualified to meet your needs or not.
Sri Lanka is considering coal power plants to meet its spiralling energy needs. The country was reliant to coal imports and started to consider clean energy. However, it cannot quit coal just entirely because they have high demand to meet growing. Small countries in the world are actually facing the same dilemma. To fuel their surging economic growth, it leads to the increasing amounts of energy as well. On the other hand, they lack of natural energy resources to generate energy themselve which make the problem is more complicated and dilemmatic.
However, Sri Lanka is a bit different from other small countries. It can turn the dilemma to become a quite successful strategy. Sri Lanka uses solar energy for homes and coal for industry. Thus, Sri Lanka will continue developing clean energy but still imports coals. In remote regions in Sri Lanka, electricity is not widely spread. Thus, Sri Lanka needs to continue building electricity generation to meet high demand in electricity distribution.
Sri Lanka has developing clean and sustainable sources of energy to meed their needs. However, coal cannot be cut entirely since the energy needs is too huge to be covered only by solar or other green energies. Even though coal is considered as one of the most polluting sources of electricity generation, it still plays major role in providing needs of power in the country, especially in small country like Sri Lanka.
Sri Lanka has a coal-fired power plant names The Norocholai Power Station. It generates more energy then any other facility there. In fact, Sri Lanka plans to build another coal-fired power plant on the island’s east coast. It’s planned to be the last coal-fired power plant to ever built by the government due to its mission to develop clean energy sources.
Sri Lanka relis on coal imports since it doesn’t have its own coal resources. China is important role in building up and constructing the country’s coal-fired plant as well as energy capacity. However, the second plant is planned to be built with the help from India. However, Sri Lanka imports coals from Indonesia as the main provider for coal supply. Sri Lanka depends on fossil fuels like coal as the main energy source since the price of oil keeps increasing.
The global demand of coal is high that importing coals from world’s biggest coal exporters can help. Sri Lanka also doesn’t have anu coal reserves so coal imports is still the first option to choose. The one existing coal power station in Sri Lanka has been running for six years and it will continue to run throughout the next two decades. Coal is considered to be cheap energy source which can meet electricity demand as well as increase quality of life for the citizens at lower cost.
There are many coal mining companies in the world that can export coals to Sri Lanka. However, Sri Lanks has neighbor with large coal production, Indonesia. Importing coals from Indonesia can be advantageous since it won’t require high cost for delivering process. Indonesia is one of the largest coal exporters in the world.
One of the most reliable mining company from Indonesia which won’t make you regret for having a partnership is Coal Investors. If you are looking for reliable coal supplier, you can directly contact Coal Investors for having further details about the process of coal supplying and contract. You can also directly visit the coal mining site of Coal Investors in South Kalimantan, Indonesia. Go and take a look at how the company do the coal mining process by yourself. You will see the quality of coals to be supplied to other countries.
Indonesia is part of Top 10 coal producers worldwide
Coal is the key to the worldwide structure of energy. It accounts for about 40% of the world’s electricity production, hence it is a leading source of electricity. It will soon replace oil and become the largest source of primary energy. Coal dominates the global energy arena due to its abundance, affordability and wide distribution across the world. Coal reserves are estimated at 869 billion tons based on the current production rate. This means that coal should last about 115 years longer compared to the conventional reserves of oil and gas. Especially noteworthy are the significant coal reserves in Asia and southern Africa, two areas of the world that face major challenges in supplying energy to their populations. Coal reserves are highly underestimated in comparison with conventional reserves of oil and gas.
The ten leading countries based on hard coal production
China is the chief coal producer while the United States comes in second. Other major coal producers are India and Australia. Five countries, namely China, the United States, Russia, India and Japan accounted for over 75% of worldwide coal consumption. Despite the swift deployment of renewable energy, mainly in the background of debates around climate change, it is coal that is responsible for the largest upsurge in energy requirement of all energy sources.
Approximately 90% of the total global coal is produced by ten countries with China running in the lead. The statistics below show countries that have substantial coal resources. The data has been based on a wide assortment of material, as well as data acquired from the World Energy Council and both national and international publications.
Coal production in Ukraine in 2013 was about 64.976 Million tons. With the ongoing conflict in the country, there has been a decline in coking coal production and in coal power generation, particularly in the affected eastern regions of the country. Indeed, the Donetsk region has experienced a fall of nearly 30% in coal production. As a result, Ukraine has started importing coal from South Africa and Russia for the purpose of power generation.
Colombia’s coal production was around 85.5 million tons in 2013, an output which represented a 4% drop off from its target of 89 Million tons. Coal exports were estimated at 94.3%. The country’s National Mining Agency reported an increase of 18% in mineral production.
Kazakhstan stands in eighth with a coal production of 116.6 million tons as of December 2012. Regarding consumption, Kazakhstan came in 12th, with coal accounting for nearly 85% of the nation’s entire connected power capacity. The country has an estimated reserve of about 33.6 billion tons and thus holds the eighth largest coal reserve. Kazakhstan has over 400 coal mines.
With about 260 million tons produced, South Africa comes in seventh in global coal production. The country is the sixth largest coal exporter, having traded about 74 million tons in 2012. South Africa mostly exports its coal to Europe, China, and India. It is estimated that over 90% of electricity production in South Africa depends on coal. South Africa’s established coal reserves had about 30.15 billion tons in
Russia comes in sixth regarding worldwide coal production. It produced 354.8 million tons of coal in 2012, of which 80% was steam coal and the rest coking coal. Russia is also the fifth largest consumer of coal. It exported 134 million tons in 2012, becoming the third largest coal exporter. With reserves of up to 157 billion tons, Russia is second in the world as pertains coal reserves. Open pit mining accounts for more than half of Russia’s coal production.
Indonesia comes fifth in coal production, having produced 386 million tons of coal. Indonesia and Australia have been head to head in coal production, and while in 2011 Indonesia overtook Australia in coal production by now the situation has been reversed. Coal is responsible for 44% of Indonesian electricity production. The country has about 5.5 billion tons of coal reserves based on 2012 statistics.
Coal output in Australia reached 413 million tons in 2013, positioning it at number four in the world. The country exports about 90% of its coal, coming in second after Indonesia, and in 2012 it exported 384 million tons. Australia otherwise maintains 76.4 billion tons in its reserves. The country has about 100 private coal miners carrying out open pit operations, and this method of mining accounts for 74% of Australia’s total coal production.
India’s coal production was about 605 million tons, making it the third largest producer globally. India consumed 8% of the total world?s coal, making it the third largest consumer of the resource as well. It is also the third largest importer of coal with a total of 160 million tons in imports, trailing behind China and Japan. Around three-quarters (68%) of electricity generation in India depends on coal. The verified coal reserves in India are estimated at 60.6 billion tons as of 2013, ranking again as number three globally.
2.THE UNITED STATES
The United States is second worldwide in coal production, generating 922 Million tons of coal in the 2012/2013 period representing approximately 13% of global coal production. It is also the second biggest coal consumer. US consumption of coal is estimated at 11% of the world’s total usage, and nearly 37% of the nation’s electricity production depends on coal. The US also has the world’s largest coal reserves, measuring in at approximately 237 billion tons.
China has been the biggest coal producer in the past three decades. China produced nearly 3.7 billion tons of coal in 2013 representing 47% of global total coal yield. The country also consumes more than half of the world’s total coal consumption. China is the third worldwide as relates to coal reserves, with an estimate of 114.5 billion tons per December 2012 statistics. It is estimated that China uses half of its coal for power generation, which accounts for over 80% of the country’s electricity production.
Coal is proving critical in the world’s energy growth. The need for coal is ever increasing, and ever larger percentages of electricity produced in the world is becoming reliant on power plants that use the resource. Regardless of the enormous distribution of coal reserves worldwide, these amounts are proving to not be enough. Furthermore, the ecological harms that come as a result of activities related to coal activities are grave matters and, thus, proper actions have to be taken. Consequently, it is essential for governments to discover innovative technologies for improved mining and coal processing, while also taking into account efficiency and the importance of environmental sustainability. It is paramount for policy makers come up with long-lasting technological solutions that look into future, hence putting the coal sector on a path that would allow it to respond better to future global challenges.
Coal Business Prospect in Indonesia
As one among the largest producers and exporters of coal, Indonesia has overtaken Australia since 2005 as the leasing thermal coal exporter. The exported thermal coal mostly consists of medium quality type and low quality thermal coal type. The biggest demand for Indonesia’s thermal coal comes from both India and China. With huge thermal coal production, this production current rate is predicted to last more than 80 years according to Indonesia Ministry of Energy.
Consist of thousands of islands, the coal reserves pockets are spread throughout Indonesia with Kalimantan as the biggest pocket. The three provinces in Indonesia producing the biggest amount of coal are East Kalimantan, South Kalimantan and South Sumatra.
There are basically three reasons driving the increase in coal production and export in Indonesia. Coal remains being the low-cost extraction in power generation. The coal-fired power plants produce more than 39% of world’s electricity and 27% of world’s total energy output. Coal provides less expensive power plants than other energy resources. With Indonesia producing low and medium quality coal, Indonesia is able to sell competitively priced coal products on international market.
Responding to skyrocketed demand for low and medium quality coal from China and India, Indonesia has leaned its position to fulfill demands for those two countries. And, this has given another reason for investors to invest in coal mining in Indonesia.
Beside high demand for thermal coal export, the domestic coal consumption has also risen for around 35% responding to the Indonesia’s current ambitious program to build 35.000 MW power plant. Indonesia government has mandated PLN as the state-owned electricity utility to build the mega project. However, it seems that PLN is unable to fulfill the need increased electricity generation. As a result, private sectors will join PLN to meet the need. And that’s another reason coal investment in Indonesia is promising. Meanwhile, Coal Investors in South Kalimantan is one among the big coal mining companies in Indonesia and is open for new investors.
With economic growth acceleration in emerging and also developing countries, the coal’s price has risen to large extend. Despite the awareness in global community to reduce the fossil fuels’ dependency, the need for this fuel will remain vital energy resources in the foreseeable future. Though renewable energy resources have been being developed rapidly by various countries but fossil fuel energy resources are not neglected. Even in 2012 to 2013, the coal miners were selling so huge amount of coal resulting highly increased revenue and profit.
Indonesia has been expected to become a part in the clean coal mining technologies as a major player and this has promised new future for coal mining in Indonesia. This technology focuses on emissions reduction that has being currently produced by the coal-fired power generation. Indonesia has also starting to receive attention for its CBM or coalbed methane production. Contributing to almost 85% of Indonesia’s mining revenue, coal has significant future for coal investors in Indonesia. The fact that the most densely populated countries in the world depend on Indonesia for coal production has given another reason to start investing coal in Indonesia.